• Application Note: Calculating VNA Measurement Accuracy Vector Network Analyzers (VNA) are your primary resource when analyzing and characterizing systems and components for RF and Microwave measurements. They are regarded as accurate measuring instruments, however, quantifying the accuracy performance of a VNA in a specific application can be challenging. VNA specifications are a starting point; but, they are based upon very specific calibration and measurement conditions, which are not applicable for many applications. The Anritsu Exact Uncertainty program is available to help you obtain the uncertainty data that is appropriate for your specific application.
  • Low-Cost EMI Pre-Compliance Testing Using A Spectrum Analyzer

    This application note provides an overview of EMI compliance testing, pre-compliance testing, and the measurement regulations. It also presents test setups using Tektronix's RSA306 and similar products used to perform both radiated and conducted emission measurements.

  • Effortless Testing Of Direction Finding Devices – Amplitude Based

    Together with multiple coupled R&S SMW200A vector signal generators, the R&S Pulse Sequencer allows performance characterization of all types of direction finding equipment such as devices that use amplitude comparison, interferometric or time difference of arrival (TDOA) techniques. 

  • On-Wafer Characterization At sub-THz Frequencies

    New technologies and applications extend into sub-THz frequencies in the D band and beyond. New semiconductor technologies and processes need to be commercialized to support these efforts.

  • Dual Receiver Measurement

    This application note illustrates all necessary settings for performing Dual Receiver Measurement using the R&S®EMC32-K27 option via the R&S® EMC32.


Giga-tronics offers two series of standard synthesizer modules covering 2 to 24 GHz. These synthesizers are YIG oscillator based having low phase noise and spurious in compact modules.

In 2010, Anritsu announced that it had invented and succeeded in developing a patented technology that pinpoints PIM faults called Distance-to-PIM™ (DTP). DTP shows the location for PIM problems within the antenna system, as well as distance to external PIM sources outside the antenna system. This was an incredible step forward in improving the quality of information received from the on-site PIM test. But one problem still remained for pinpointing external PIM beyond the antenna, DTP could tell you how far away from the antenna the PIM source was located, but not the angle. If the antenna had a 120 degree beamwidth, the PIM could be located anywhere along the 120 degree arc at the distance measured by DTP.

Anritsu is now pleased to announce their new solution with the introduction of PIM Hunter, a patent-pending technology that allows a test technician to pinpoint the location of external PIM beyond the antenna. By walking along the arc of the DTP distance from the antenna with PIM Hunter™, the technician can pinpoint the source of the PIM typically within a few centimeters.

The Aeroflex 1205 is a 20 dB passive 10:1 RF voltage probe featuring a rugged design, an internal 50 V DC block, low distortion, light RF loading characteristics, bandwidth operation of 100 kHz to 4 GHz, and more. The RF probe’s design allows RF test equipment users to use standard tracing techniques and comes with interchangeable ground clips that can adapt to a wide variety of applications. Monitoring or injecting signals up to 4 GHz into RF circuits without significantly loading or detuning them is possible through the 1205 RF probe.

A fully integrated high-performance cross-correlation signal source analyzer from 5 MHz to 40 GHz

The model 7000 series Signal Source Analyzers are particularly well suited for conducting phase noise and jitter measurement in VCXOs, TCXOs, and OCXOs. Unlike some traditional systems, they have the ability to analyze both absolute and additive phase noise.

The MS46322B is a series of Economy ShockLine™ Vector Network Analyzers with frequency range from 1 MHz to 8/20/43.5 GHz. It is based on patented ShockLine VNA-on-chip technology, which simplifies the internal VNA architecture at high frequencies, reduces instrument cost, and enhances accuracy and measurement repeatability.

The MS46322B are all 2-port VNAs packaged in a compact and rugged 2U chassis. The entire series has 130 microseconds per point sweep speed, and better than 100 dB dynamic range to 43.5 GHz, making it suitable for testing passive devices in engineering, manufacturing and cost-sensitive education applications.

The SI893x’s 0 to 2.25 V specified input range is ideal for isolated voltage sensing. The Si8935/36/37 provides delta-sgma modulated output with flexible options for external or internally generated clock.

Bird’s® Wideband Power Sensor Series (WPS) never requires field calibration, only requires calibration once per year and are traceable to National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The WPS measures True Average Power, Peak Power, and Duty Cycle directly with exceptional accuracy and uses these precise measurements to calculate a wide range of other important factors, such as VSWR, Return Loss, Reflection Coefficient, Crest Factor, Average Burst Power, and CCDF.

Remote controlled Remote Analyzer with receiver characteristics and an unusually comprehensive range of features, making it exemplary value for money. It is particularly suitable for radio monitoring, which is why it is found in broadcasting centers and at essential transmitter locations.