The main issue in the quality of service for satellite transmissions, especially in occasional use transmissions and temporary feeder links, is RF interference from sources like “rogue pirate carriers,” and failed or improperly configured equipment. Some of the actions taken to thwart interference include installer and operator training, data sharing, and Carrier Identification (CID). Carrier ID is implemented at the physical level inside the satellite modulator, as well as at the system level where all CID must be identified in one database shared between all satellite operators. This paper provides an explanation of DVB-CID standard, the different types of processes involved, and an overview of the CID receiver from the TeamCast solutions.
At the beginning of 2015, around 1200 satellites were fully operational in orbit around the planet, half of which were communication satellites. This number of satellites is expected to expand at a progressive rate within the next years. In order ensure proper performance in the satellite transponders in the payload, on-orbit measurements must be made as a part of maintenance. This application note focuses on satellite post-launch or on-orbit measurements, and monitoring strategies used for satellite functionality checks when running maintenance routines.
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) based solutions are highly accurate in most cases, but there are circumstances where they are not as effective, such as in dense urban environments with reduced satellite visibility or indoor areas with low signal levels. LTE Location Based Services (LBS) are designed to determine where a device is located to assist in its effectiveness. This Rohde & Schwarz white paper describes limitations of GNSS systems, as well as LTE cellular based alternatives within 3GPP Release 9.
Measuring and monitoring the signals in satellite communications systems is as complex as the tasks of those involved in operating such systems. Satellite operators are normally interested in ensuring that transponder use corresponds to the criteria agreed with users in terms of quality and scope, which also includes the detection of any interference signals. Teleport operators are concerned with making the best possible use of the resources with the communications systems, particularly the space segment. This Application Note describes example measurement principles that cover the above-mentioned applications and for which the NRA range of spectrum analyzers from Narda is particularly suitable.
The introduction of Gallium Nitride High Electron Mobility Transistors (GaN HEMT) in early 2000 has left an undeniable mark on the entire satellite communication landscape. It is now possible for the first time since the introduction of the Solid State Microwave Technology to design and manufacture Power Amplifiers that exceed by several orders of magnitude the reliability, linearity, power density and energy efficiency of all existing technologies, being GaAs, LDMOS, or TWT. By C. Damian, VP Product Line Management and Business Development, and D. Gelerman, President and CEO, Advantech Wireless Inc.
Apple has reportedly hired two former executives of Google's defunct satellite internet unit, which suggests that Apple may be planning to get a similar project off the ground and up into orbit.
Kymeta Corporation, a metamaterials-based antenna technology startup based in Redmond, Wash., has raised $73.5 million in financing to develop and commercialize its software-steered antennas for the global mobile communications market.
Finding derelict spacecraft and space debris in Earth's orbit can be a technological challenge. Detecting these objects in orbit around Earth's moon is even more difficult.
Satellite services provider Intelsat SA is merging with OneWeb Ltd. in a share-for-share transaction to build the world’s first truly global broadband network, combining OneWeb’s constellation of low earth orbit (LEO) satellites with Intelsat’s fleet of geostationary orbit (GEO) satellites.
Satellite telecommunications company Inmarsat and Internet of Things (IoT) network solutions provider Actility are launching a global network of land-based, low-power IoT devices connected to a satellite communications network.
Space Exploration Technologies Corp., better known as SpaceX, expects future revenue from its planned satellite broadband internet business will be significantly larger than its rocket launch business by 2020.
Elon Musk's aerospace company SpaceX is planning to launch by the end of the decade a 4,425-strong 'constellation' of low earth orbit (LEO) satellites to provide gigabit-speed broadband and communication services globally.
Engineers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) have developed a new folding, umbrella-like antenna design that can be deployed from a canister on a CubeSat – a low-cost mini-satellite slightly larger than a cereal box.
China has unveiled the first satellite smartphone that works with the country's pioneering satellite for mobile communications, Tiantong-1 (TT-1).
The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australia's national science agency managing radio astronomy facilities, unveiled recently a satellite antenna that will support interplanetary missions – including upcoming missions to Mars spearheaded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
HawkEye 360 has announced that it is collaborating with Lockheed Martin and Deep Space Industries to build and deploy low-Earth orbit satellites for its pioneering space-based radio frequency (RF) detection and mapping service to commercial clients.
ETL Systems, a global designer and manufacturer of Radio Frequency (RF) distribution equipment for satellite communications, has provided online global enterprise satellite monitoring service SatSignature with carrier monitoring switches.
NuWaves Engineering, an international Radio Frequency (RF) and Microwave solutions provider, announced recently that the company has been awarded a Phase I Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract from the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) to research and develop advanced RF cavity filters for use on Global Positioning System (GPS) III satellites.