Feature Articles

  1. How To Verify Beamformer ICs For Phased Array Antennas

    Beamforming using phased array antennas is a common technology for radar and electronic warfare in the aerospace and defense industry. In satellite communications and 5G NR, phased array beamforming is becoming a default concept. Integrated RF beamforming ICs include phase and gain adjustment per path as well as amplification capabilities for the TX and RX channels. Such beamformer ICs support four or more antenna elements from one input signal. Full characterization and calibration requires simultaneous assessment of all ports. This article discusses the process of verification for these beamformer ICs for phased array antennas.

  2. 10 Signal Generator Features You’re Probably Paying Too Much For

    When budgets are tight, engineers and test techs are often urged to buy only what is needed. This paper discusses the features and flexibility to look for in a self-programmable signal generator to meet the desired outcomes with the total budget you have for your bench.

  3. Why Is RF Filtering So Important?

    Why is RF filtering so important? Simply put, filters reduce the interference in the environment that affects the performance of the communication system and reduce the interference caused by the communication system.

  4. Forward Or Flyback? Which Is Better?

    Which is better – forward or flyback? The answer turns out to be both! This article discusses the characteristics of active clamp forward and continuous conduction flyback isolated power supply technologies and demonstrates the design and performance trade-offs of each.

  5. 28 nm Analog-To-Digital Converters Enable Next-Generation Electronic Warfare Receiver Systems

    This white paper focuses on how 28 nm ADC enable faster sample rates, wider analog input bandwidth, integrated digital functionality, and new receiver architectures, all while reducing power consumption and overall size.

  6. Physical Size Allocations For RF Electronics In Digital Beamforming Phased Arrays

    There are many challenges associated with the migration to near elemental digital beamforming ranging from calibration, digital control, distribution of clocks, LO, power, processing the volume of data, and the physical size constraints of the electronics. This white paper focuses on the physical size requirements for the electronics in digital beamforming phased arrays. The physical size requirements as a function of the operating frequency are discussed, and practical implementation methods are reviewed.

  7. Considerations For Connector Design In Mobile And Patient-Worn Medical Devices

    This white paper discusses the rising need for mobile and patient-worn devices, and offers recommendations on the proper approach to designing interconnect solutions for these applications.

  8. 4 Reasons To Get A Bilogical Antenna First For Device Testing

    As more products use electronics and wireless, a bilogical antenna is the best first investment for internal RF testing.

  9. On-Board Optical Broadband Networks: The Revolution With Fiber Optics

    This white paper examines how fiber optic technology has been adapted to the requirements of railway vehicles and how it is now ready to support the industry’s new business strategies better than any other physical layer medium.

  10. Keeping Pace With A Standardized Development Process

    Early standardizations were focused on the hardware abstraction, but modern technology relies mostly on the software. Test organizations must move now move to standardized methods of iterative software development to remain competitive in the market.