Antennas Case Studies, White Papers, & Application Notes

  1. Designing Printed Ka-Band Reflectarrays With Offset Feed

    A printed reflectarray is a high-gain, low profile, low-cost antenna that combines the advantages of parabolic reflector antennas with microstrip arrays. This white paper demonstrates how to easily create a printed reflectarray and its simpler feeds through the use of FEKO simulation software.

  2. Design And Matching Of A Printed Antenna Using NI AWR Software And AWR Connected For Optenni

    Ensuring maximum power transfer between an antenna and transmitter/receiver circuitry requires impedance matching of HF components in the antenna design. This app note describes the design and matching of a 60 GHz printed antenna.

  3. Understanding Cable And Antenna Analysis

    A problematic base station can be replaced, but a cable and antenna system is not so easy to replace. This article covers fundamentals of cable and antenna analysis measurements: return loss, cable loss, and distance-to-fault (DTF).

  4. High-Gain Broadband Printed Yagi Antenna For Applications In ISM Bands

    In this work, a high-gain broadband printed Yagi directional antenna for applications in ISM bands (686 and 915 MHz) is presented. The proposed antenna was designed to be implemented in a wireless system, devoted to water and wastewater level and underground flow measurements. 

  5. Providing Coverage To The YYC Calgary International Airport

    What makes communication so challenging in an airport is its large coverage area and high-capacity requirements. That’s the challenge YYC Calgary International Airport faced when it built its new international terminal. The airport had virtually no commercial or public safety coverage from the macro and, as a result, the new international terminal faced both coverage and capacity issues.

  6. Synthesizing UHF RFID Antennas On Dielectric Substrates

    Radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify and track objects with tags containing electronically stored information. This application note discusses a new approach to optimizing RFID antennas for this technology with the use of the new NI AWR Software product AntSyn™ antenna synthesis and optimization technology. This method employs evolutionary algorithms (EAs) to explore the design space and automatically determine the best performance options. This application note features a new method used for optimizing radio-frequency identification (RFID) antennas and describes two examples of RFID antennas created using this technology.

  7. Utilizing Dielectric Resonator Antennas For 5G Applications

    As an alternate solution to traditional low-radiation and low-gain antennas, dielectric resonator antennas (DRAs) operate with less conduction losses and feature high radiation efficiency when excited properly for mm-wave frequencies and beyond.

  8. Simulation Of Beamforming By Massive MIMO Antennas In Dense Urban Environments

    This application note presents a new predictive capability for simulating massive MIMO antennas and beamforming in dense urban propagation environments.  Wireless InSite MIMO predicts the complex channel matrix for mobile devices within a small cell. Beamforming techniques are used to display the actual physical beams and evaluate signal power and interference, including pilot contamination distortion.

  9. Benefits Of Low-Inductance Hybrid Cables

    Installation of remote radio systems presents many challenges for mobile radio operators, installers, and system integrators. Challenges include considerations for how the higher power requirements affect the inductance of newly integrated hybrid cycles, and how inductive voltage drops can be reduced. 

  10. Carrier Aggregation In Mobile Devices

    Carrier aggregation (CA) enables mobile network operators worldwide to provide faster data, and allows mobile devices to communicate on multiple LTE bands simultaneously. This, however, creates the challenge of avoiding interference between the bands while keeping up good reception and battery life. Multiplexers are an excellent solution for CA combinations that use closely spaced bands since they provide isolation between and within bands, while allowing them to connect to the antenna at the same time. This white paper discusses the challenges of carrier aggregation, and the important benefits of using multiplexer solutions to solve them.