News Feature | February 17, 2017

DARPA Picks 30 Contenders For First Phase Of Spectrum Collaboration Challenge

By Jof Enriquez
Follow me on Twitter @jofenriq

New DARPA Grand Challenge To Focus On Spectrum Collaboration
Spectrum Quilt: The National Telecommunications and Information Administration, which is within the Department of Commerce, manages radio frequency allocations in the United States. Shown is the Radio Spectrum Allocation Chart as of January 2016.

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) has announced the 30 participants for the first of three year-long phases of the Spectrum Collaboration Challenge (SC2), a contest designed to apply collaborative machine learning to software-defined radios for dynamic spectrum allocation.

DARPA in March 2016 launched the competition with the stated aim "to imbue radios with advanced machine-learning capabilities so they can collectively develop strategies that optimize use of the wireless spectrum in ways not possible with today’s intrinsically inefficient approach of pre-allocating exclusive access to designated frequencies."

For the first phase this year, 30 contenders – 22 teams from academia (including Carnegie Mellon University and Georgia Tech) and small and large companies, plus eight individuals – were chosen to participate. Six teams are competing in the “Proposal Track,” which includes $500,000 of funding. Twenty-four teams, including all of the individual contenders, are participating under the “Open Track,” which means they had to pass technical hurdles specified by SC2 organizers but will pay their own costs, according to a news release.

"Competitors will reimagine spectrum access strategies and develop a new wireless paradigm in which radio networks will autonomously collaborate and reason about how to share the RF spectrum, avoid interference, and jointly exploit opportunities to achieve the most efficient use of the available spectrum," stated DARPA.

Using what DARPA calls “the Colosseum” channel emulation testbed, participating SC2 teams will conduct remote experiments with intelligent radio systems in realistic, user-defined RF environments, such as the wireless conditions of a busy city neighborhood or battle setting, according to Network World.

The Colosseum is said to be the world’s largest channel emulator, and supports up to 256-by-256-channel, real-time channel emulation, calculating more than 65,000 channel interactions at up to 80 MHz of real-time bandwidth per channel. Based on the USRP X310 software defined radio and NI ATCA-3671 high-performance FPGA processing system, the testbed will be housed at the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory in Laurel, MD.

All 30 teams will have to meet several requirements throughout the year to prepare for the Preliminary Event #1 Competition in December 2017. Top performers during phase 1 will proceed to phase 2 next year, which culminates in another event competition in December 2018. The third and final phase, to be held until the final competition at the end of 2019, will award $2 million, $1 million, and $750,000 prizes, respectively, to the top three finishers.

An exponentially growing number of military and civilian wireless devices are competing for tightening electromagnetic spectrum, which is pretty crowded between 9 kHz and 275 GHz, the range allocated by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Spectrum re-use and other techniques have kept up with our communications needs so far. But DARPA believes artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies should bring significantly wider capacity compared to that offered currently by fixed frequencies.

"This human-driven process is not adaptive to the dynamics of supply and demand, and thus cannot exploit the full potential capacity of the spectrum. In SC2, competitors will reimagine a new, more efficient wireless paradigm in which radio networks autonomously collaborate to dynamically determine how the spectrum should be used moment to moment," DARPA stated in the SC2 web site.

The 30 competitor teams:

  1. Aipaca – Evanston IL, USA & Hong Kong
  2. Air Orange – Syracuse NY, USA
  3. CMU – Pittsburgh PA, USA
  4. Collaborative Radio Cloud – Alexandria, Egypt
  5. Dragon Radio – Philadelphia PA, USA
  6. Entropy – Lawrenceville NJ, USA
  7. Erebus – Rochester NY, USA
  8. GatorWings – Gainesville FL, USA
  9. Georgia Tech Agile Communication Architectures – Atlanta GA, USA
  10. Hollender – Santa Rosa CA, USA
  11. IRIS – San Diego CA, USA
  12. Ligado Networks – Reston VA, USA
  13. MarmotE – Nashville TN, USA
  14. No Limit Texas Spectr’em – Dallas TX, USA
  15. Optical Spectrum – Broomfield CO, USA
  16. SCATTER – Heverlee Vlaams-Brabant, Belgium
  17. SINC – Los Altos CA, USA
  18. SODIUM-24 – Redmond WA, USA
  19. SpeCOlab – Boulder CO, USA
  20. SpectrumMason – Fairfax VA, USA
  21. Strawberry Jammer – Aurora CO, USA
  22. Syncopated – Ellicott City MD, USA
  23. Andersons – Cookeville TN, USA
  24. WolfPack – Raleigh NC, USA
  25. Berkeley Bell Labs – Berkeley CA, USA
  26. SHARE THE PIE – Merrimack NH, USA
  27. BAM! Wireless – West Lafayette IN, USA
  28. Spectrum Without Borders – Blacksburg VA, USA
  29. Sprite – Boston MA, USA
  30. Zylinium – Gaithersburg MD, USA