This article discusses the ideas and enhancements currently being developed for 3GPP Release-16, with a focus on selected Rel-16 work items and study items. These enhancements cover not only 5G-NR, but also LTE, which is being advanced in parallel.
White Paper |
By M. Reckeweg and Dr. C. Rohner,Rohde & Schwarz GmbH & Co. KG
This white paper describes the basic functionality of antennas. Starting with Hertz's antenna model followed by a short introduction to the fundamentals of wave propagation, the important general characteristics of an antenna and its associated parameters are explained.
The effects of a high-altitude electromagnetic pulse (HEMP) could lead to an upset or permanent damage of a sensitive electronic system. In this application note, the coupling response mechanism for localized systems will be discussed, specifically for the early-time HEMP environment.
An 8x8 planar antenna array creates narrow beams capable of scanning large sectors in front of the antenna. This example focuses on displaying typical simulation results for beams and possible plots of coverage from the full array and combinations of sub-arrays.
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